Interferon Beta

The nervous system consists of a complex network of nerve cells that control body functions by transmitting signals to and from the brain. An insulatory layer known as “myelin” surrounds nerve cells and if this myelin sheath becomes damaged, the nervous system function is diminished. In multiple sclerosis, the myelin sheath is destroyed, resulting in impaired nervous system function.

Interferon beta has been extensively studied in multiple sclerosis, exhibiting beneficial effects in both the relapsing-remitting and progressive forms of the disease. Interferon beta inhibits inflammatory activity, reducing nerve cell damage. It is also thought to both prevent T-cells from recognizing myelin as “foreign” and attacking it, and also reduces the effect of other naturally occurring compounds that can enhance the immune response to myelin.